My opinion on your queries are as under:
1.All of you have suggested to hire a private lawyer in JMFC court but lawyers here say that it is a state case now after filling of charge sheet how it is possible to engage a private lawyer now.? under which section of law or supreme court citation we can file an application for same on it kindly provide me in detail the procedure.?
Opinion: As per section 301/302 of Cr.P.C. there is a procedure for private lawyers, the related judgment is as below:
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT MADRAS
THE HONOURABLE MR.JUSTICE G.M. AKBAR ALI
Crl.O.P.No.21632 of 2010
and M.P.No.1 of 2010
F. Anitha Fathima .. Petitioners.
The Sub Inspector of Police
All women Police Station
Krishnagiri, Krishnagiri District .. Respondent
Prayer: Petition filed under Section 482 Cr.P.C seeking for the reliefs as stated therein.
For Petitioner : Mr.S.M. Edwin Stanley for
Mr. S.. Ananthanarayanan
For respondent : Mr.Hassan Mohamed Jinnah
O R D E R
This petition is filed, seeking for a direction to set aside the order dated 26.8.2010 in CMP No.3482 of 2010 by the learned Judicial Magistrate No.I, Krishnagiri and permit the petitioner/defacto complainant/victim to engage a counsel of her choice to conduct the prosecution in the above CC No.115/2010 on the file of the learned Judicial Magistrate No.I, Krishnagiri.
2. The petitioner is the defacto-complainant, who gave a complaint for the alleged offence punishable under Secs.498(A), 323, 294(b) r/w 109 IPC. The husband and the relatives of the petitioner are the accused. The matter was investigated by the respondent and on filing of the charge sheet, the learned Judicial Magistrate took the case on file in CC No.115/2010.
3. Pending trial, the petitioner had filed an application under Sec.302 of Criminal Procedure Code to permit the petitioner/defecto-complainant to engage a counsel of her choice to conduct the prosecution of the case in C.C.No.115/2010.
4. The learned Magistrate passed order on 26.8.2010 in CMP No.3482 of 2010 stating that the "Petitioner/defacto-complainant is allowed to engage counsel at her choice and such counsel shall act under the direction from the Public Prosecutor. Accordingly the petition disposed of". Aggrieved by the restricted permission, the petitioner is before this Court under Sec.482 Cr.P.C.
5. Mr.S. Ananthanarayanan, learned counsel appearing for the petitioner would submit that under Sec.302 Cr.P.C, the petitioner/defacto-complainant is entitled to conduct the prosecution by engaging a counsel. The learned counsel relied on a decision reported in 2000 MLJ (Crl) 145 (Shiv Kumar vs Hakum Chand and another), wherein the Apex Court has dealt in detail about the powers of the Court and rights of the defacto-complainant in conducting the prosecution, The Apex Court has held as follows:
" 10. From the scheme of the Code the legislative intention is manifestly clear that prosecution in a Sessions Court cannot be conducted by any one other than the Public Prosecutor. The legislature reminds the State that the policy must strictly conform to fairness in the trial of an accused in a Sessions Court. A Public Prosecutor is not expected to show a thirst to reach the case in the conviction of the accused somehow or the other irrespective of the true facts involved in the case. The expected attitude of the Public Prosecutor while conducting prosecution, must be couched in fairness not only to the court and to the investigating agencies but to the accused as well. If an accused is entitled to any legitimate benefit during trial the Public Prosecutor should not scuttle/conceal it. On the contrary, it is the duty of the Public Prosecutor to winch it to the fore and make it available to the accused, even if the defence counsel overlooked it. Public Prosecutor has the added responsibility to bring it to the notice of the court if it comes to his knowledge. A private counsel, if allowed free hand to conduct prosecution would focus on bringing the case to conviction even if it is not a fit case to be so convicted. That is the reason why Parliament applied a bridle on him and subjected his role strictly to the instructions given by the Public Prosecutor".
6. The learned counsel also relied on a decision reported in 2001 3 SCC 462 (J.K. International vs State (Govt of NCT OF DELHI) and Others, wherein the Apex Court has again held thus:
"12. The private person who is permitted to conduct prosecution in the Magistrate's Court can engage a counsel to do the needful in the court in his behalf. It further amplifies the position that if a private person is aggrieved by the offence committed against him or against anyone in whom he is interested he can approach the magistrate and seek permission to conduct the prosecution by himself. It is open to the court to consider his request. If the court thinks that the cause of justice would be served better by granting such permission the court would generally grant such permission. Of course, this wider amplitude is limited to Magistrates' Courts, as the right of such private individual to participate in the conduct of prosecution in the Sessions Court is very restricted and is made subject to the control of the Public Prosecutor. The limited role which a private person can be permitted to play for prosecution in the Sessions Court has been adverted to above. All these would show that an aggrieved private person is not altogether to be eclipsed from the scenario when the criminal court takes cognizance of the offences based on the report submitted by the police. The reality cannot be overlooked that the genesis in almost all such cases is the grievance of one or more individual that they were wronged by the accused by committing offences against them".
7. The learned counsel for the petitioner also relied on a decision reported in 2005 MLJ (Crl) 404 (Rajesh Kumar Bagmar and Others vs State, wherein the learned single Judge of this Court has held as follows:
"11. In this case also, there was apprehension in the mind of the second respondent that the investigation was not conducted properly and that the Additional Public Prosecutor can only act according to the records and materials gathered during the course of such investigation and therefore, there may be failure of justice. Strengthening the view, one circumstance was pointed out that despite recording the statement from the mother and maternal uncle of second respondent/wife in the course of investigation, they were not included in the list of witnesses on the side of prosecution. Whether the grievance of the second respondent is true or not, the appreciation was shown to be reasonable. It is in that event, the Court thinks that the cause of justice would be served better by granting such permission, the Court would generally grant such permission as was mentioned in J.K. International vs State (Government of N.C.T of Delhi) and others, 2001 S.C.C (Crl) 547. When Sec.302 Crl.P.C permits the conduct of prosecution by the complainant personally or by a pleader and when permission could be granted for that purpose by the Magistrate and when the reasonings are also found convincing, then there is no ground to set aside the said impugned order".
8. The learned Additional Public Prosecutor submits that under Sec.302 Cr.P.C, the defacto-complainant may be permitted to engage own counsel to conduct the trial and they need not assist the prosecution like in Sessions Court.
9. Heard both sides and perused the materials available on record. The Apex Court has rightly pointed out the difference between granting permission to the person interested to conduct the prosecution either by himself or by engaging a private counsel before the Magistrate's Court and engaging a private counsel to assist the Public Prosecutor before the Sessions Court.
Sec.302 of Criminal Procedure Code reads as follows:
"302(1) Any Magistrate inquiring into or trying a case may permit the prosecution to be conducted by any person other than a police officer below the rank of Inspector; but no person,other than the Advocate General or Government Advocate or a Public Prosecutor or Assistant Public Prosecutor, shall be entitled to do so without such permission.
Provided that no police officer shall be permitted to conduct the prosecution if he has taken part in the investigation into the offence with respect to which the accused is being prosecuted.
(2) Any person conducting the prosecution may do so personally or by a pleader".
10. In 2001 3 SCC 462 (J.K. International vs State (Govt of NCT OF DELHI) and Others, the Apex Court has clearly held that the defacto-complainant can approach the learned Magistrate seeking permission to conduct the prosecution by himself or by appointing a counsel.
11. Therefore, under Sec.302 Cr.P.C, the defacto-complainant may be permitted to prosecute through a counsel of his choice. Once the magistrate thinks that the cause of justice would be served better by granting such permission, the magistrate would generally grant such permission without any restriction. However this should not mean that the role of the Assistant Public Prosecutor is replaced by the person permitted to conduct the prosecution. The role of the such person shall be only to lead evidence when he satisfies the court that the prosecution has omitted examine the material evidence and on such circumstances the court may invoke the power under section 311 or any other relevant provision of the Code.
12. On perusal of the order of the Magistrate, it is evident that the Magistrate has passed such an order keeping in mind, that the role of the e Assistant Public Prosecutor can not be replaced and has said 'shall act under the direction from the Public Prosecutor' thereby, the learned Magistrate has not given any liberty for the counsel to prosecute on behalf of the defacto-complainant. Therefore the role of the person permitted to prosecute either by himself or through a counsel shall be only to lead evidence when he satisfies the court that the prosecution has omitted to examine the material evidence and on such circumstances the court may invoke the power under section 311 or any other relevant provision of the Code.
13. Under such circumstances, the restriction imposed by the learned Judicial Magistrate No.I, Krishnagiri that the Petitioner/defacto-complainant is allowed to engage counsel at her choice and such counsel shall act under the direction from the Public Prosecutor is not correct. The role of such counsel shall be as above said.
14. In the result, the criminal original petition is allowed and subject to the above observation, the restriction imposed by the learned Judicial Magistrate No.I, Krishnagiri in CMP No.3482 of 2010 dated 26.8.2010 is set aside. Consequently, connected MP is closed.
2.Is it possible that without securing bail bond and surities in lower court accused persons are allowed to exempt from apperence under section 205 crpc becuase till date after filling of charge sheet in the court and serving of summons,they had not turned up a single time (District court also mentioned in AB order they must apper on each and every hearing in JMFC but they did not then how can a lower court magistrate may allow such exemption and not isssuing NBW against them then how can we oppose same?
Opinion: without submitting Bail Bond before the lower court as per the direction of Session court, the magistrate can not exempt them from personal appearance. you may file a revision against the magistrate order before the session court or file bail cancellation before the session court U/s 439(2) of Cr.P.C.
3.You all have suggested for cancellation of there Anticipatory bail in district court but my question is what benefit do i get by doing this? as chargesheet is filled and submited in court and police are saying without magistrate order now we cannot go and arrest the accused now and here magistrate is not issuing any warrant,can police themselves go and arrest now the accused ? or what is the outcome for it please suggest.
Opinion: if the court cancelled their bail then they can be arrest or send to jail due to non granting the bail or they have to file bail application before the lower court.
4.Next hearing is on 05/12/2016 can we appoint a private lawyer in between also so that he can fight our case on 05/12/2016 or the next hearing date only it is possible to hire?
Opinion: its depend on you, at any time before the judgment you can engage a lawyer of your choice who will assist the Prosecution/Public Prosecutor.
5.What is the meaning of pending for admision in High Court ? do they get stay in this stage also or after only admission.
Opinion: It means the quashing petition is not admitted yet by the High Court.
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