1) among Muslims father is the natural guardian of child 2) mother in all schools of Muslim law is not recognized as a guardian, natural or otherwise, 3) After the death of the father, the guardianship passes on to the executor. Among the Shias, after the father, the guardianship belongs to the grandfather, even if the father has appointed an executor, the executor of the father becomes the guardian only in the absence of the grandfather. No other person can be natural guardian, not even the brother. In the absence of the grandfather, the guardianship belongs to the grandfather's executor, if any.' 4) Guardianship of property (a) Dejure guardianship- legal or natural guardian order of persons entitled to guardianship of the property of a minor:- (i) Father (ii) Executor appointed by father’s will (iii) Father’s father (iv) Executor appointed by the will of father’s father (b) Certified guardianship- guardian appointed by the court- in absence of legal guardians, the duty of appointing a guardian falls on the court. 5) Guardians and Wards Act, 1890. applies to the appointment of guardians of all minors belonging to any community 6) a person who is neither a legal guardian nor a guardian appointed by court but has voluntarily placed himself in charge of the person and property of a minor is known as de facto guardian. He is a mere custodian of the person and property of the minor and has no right over them.