==Yes you can apply. But the court will look the aspect of welfare of the child.
But before that you find out the whereabouts of your wife and your daughter. You can take the service of private detectives for this purpose. After that meet you wife and convince her that you want to take the custody of your daughter. If there is no dispute, your problem is solved.
If she does not agree, you have to file a case before the court and you have convince the court that the welfare of the child will be better than your wife custody. You have to explain the court that since she remarried, there are every chances of having children from the wedlock of your ex-wife through new husband (present husband), hence your wife may get attached to the child born through them and you wife may neglect the welfare of your daughter. And any other suitable reasons.
You have to convince the court that you are well settled in your life and you earn very well so that you can look after the needs of your daughter according to your status. Your Advocate will guide you in this respect, you need not worry.
If by any chance, the court will not grant the custody to you, you may ask for visitation rights. You will definitely get the visitation rights. You can spend whole day with your daughter. Since the places are very far away from each other, i.e. you stay at Kolkotta and she stays at Bangalore, you can ask the court to direct your ex-wife to bring your daughter somewhere in the middle place, amicably decided by you.