The potential of agro/ farm forestry has not been fully realized, as on one side farmers are encouraged to grow trees on their land, at the same time they face difficulties in harvesting their produce, in view of various restrictions on felling and transit of trees.
Currently in Uttar Pradesh, 19 species are exempt from transit permit in the 38 notified districts, whereas transit permit is required in districts having notified forest areas. Also, for movement of timber from exempted districts to other districts, transit pass h have high potential for growth of Agro / Farm Forestry.
Summary of Provisions for regulating felling of trees and transit in Uttar Pradesh timber and other forest produce transit rules, 1976.
? Total 20 spp. are exempted from transit pass like eucalyptus, poplar in
various district state
? District wise spp. are exempted from transit where reserve forest or etc.
? Farmers are encouraged to plant exempted spp.
? Private forests are also governed by these rules. The department can assist in preparation of management plans of private forests.
? Forest department facilitates individual farmers in growing private agroforestry/
farm forestry by taking up plantation activities at their cost. Promotion of Kisan nurseries in western UP.
? UP Govt. has suggested that exotic species grown by farmers on large scale should be fully exempted from regulatory regime of felling permits and timer transit in States such as Poplars, Eucalyptus, Subabul( Leucaena sp.), Casuarinas, Ailanthus sp; Gmelina sp; Silver oak (Grevillea robusta) Mulberry (Morus alba), Kadam (Anthocephalus cadamba) Melia sp; Acacia arabica, Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia mangium; Acacia lenticularis, Albizza sp, Azadirachta india, Borassus flabeliformis, Hovea brasiliensis, Prosopis spp; Butea monosperma, Cedrela toona, Tamarindus india, Grewia oposittifolia, etc.
Felling of trees in Uttar Pradesh is regulated by the Uttar Pradesh Protection of trees in Rural and Hill areas Act. 1979. However, the Act does not apply to trees in reserved forest; protected forest; trees on Government land; and trees in urban areas.
The felling of trees for domestic use is a concession to given to the people. Otherwise, there are prohibitions on felling any tree. In the Districts of Almora, Pithoragarh, Chamoli, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarkashi Pahari Patti of Nainital, Chakrata Tahsil and Mussoorie Nagar Palika of Dehradun, a finally can cut one tree a year for domestic use from its own land without seeking permission from any authority. However he needs to inform the competent authority, in writing, 15 days before felling the tree. In rest of the areas of Uttar Pradesh, a family can cut a tree for domestic purpose without any permission or intimation.