1) Adivasi customary law allows a man to have more than one wife at one time. This should be prohibited as it is by Hindu law. Divorce is difficult to get by Hindu law, but relatively easy among adivasis. It was felt that in this respect adivasi custom is more favourable to women, with the exception of the provision that a woman must return the bride price if she wants a divorce. This is a major burden for her.
2) Pastoral Tribes of Aryans arrived in India and imposed their own patriarchal culture over the indigenous people and system of uncultured society with slavery and Chaturvarna was created. When Aryan tribes came they did not bring their women they married the Adivasi women from this country. Therefore, patriarchal customs gradually prevailed the Adivasi society, and the caste system itself became a hurdle against liberation of women in this country.
Status of women and men is equal among the Adivasi. In the "Gotul" the Adivasi young men and women have got full liberty to select their life partner and both of them earn their leaving to lead life of unity after marriage. Every women has got some rights like men and divorce and re-marriage. The divorce women can get easily re-marriage. There is no divorce system neither there is any bad customs like sati within the Adivasi. The laws based on customs and traditions of Adivasi are based on more equality and give the protection to the Adivasi.
The Hindu law are supporting patriarchal social system. To imposed Hindu law over Adivasi means imposing of patriarchal law over the Adivasi women. Hindu law has kept away women and avoided codification of Adivasi law leading to the anomalous condition.
According to the section 494 of Indian Penal Code bigamy is a punishable crime. The customs and tradition of Adivasis give sanction to bigamy. Therefore, Adivasi men can not be tried in the court of law.
Manu has enjoining that women have no social rights and has to lead her life under somebody's slavery. As per Hindu religious texts, father will protect her in the childhood, the husband during youth, and son in the old age. Women have no independent existence, says Manu (9.31)
Social reformers Mahadeo Govind Ranade and Gopalkrishna Gokhale define the word "Raksha" in Manu's verse as meaning "protection" and said that woman is protectable but not a slave whereas the Bal Gangadhar Tilak defines the word "Raksha" as "to be controlled" and declared that unless the woman is kept under control by father, husband or son, she becomes promiscuous and adulteress.
According to Adivasi culture the women are honoured by giving them equal status. This we find in practice even today in the Adivasi Padas i.e. colony. However, lately because of the influence of the Hindu traditions the Adivasi women are being denied the status of equality.